Close to Paris
The Ile-de-France region originates from the royal domain, which was established in the Xth century by the Capetian kings. This region, also known as the cradle of gothic architecture, features several beautiful examples of this heritage, such as the Notre-Dame de Paris cathedral, the Saint-Denis basilica, the Vincennes castle, the Conciergerie, and the Sainte-Chapelle. The Fontainebleau castle, on the other hand, summarizes French architecture from the XIIth to the XIXth centuries. The region today counts eight departments (Paris, Seine-et-Marne, Yvelines, Essonne, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne and Val-d’Oise). At only 50 kilometers north of Paris, the Ile de France gives room to the vastest cultivated areas of Picardie.